Who Mankaded Whom In Cricket?

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Mankading has been a subject of debate ever since the Vinoo Mankad of India ran out Bill Brown of Australia in the Sydney Test in 1947. It was a runout but not in the way batsmen are dismissed in the game. That runout was unusual and unexpected even by the Indian team.

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First Incident Of Mankading

The great Indian all-rounder Vinoo Mankad was getting ready to bowl and Bill Brown was standing at the non-striker end. Vinoo Mankad started to bowl but instead of bowling, he blew the bails off the non-striker end and appealed run out for Bill Brown who was wandering out of the crease at that time.

It was unusual but technically Bill Brown was out as he was out of the crease. Bill Brown was declared out and everyone including the captain of the Australian team Don Bradman supported the decision. From that day, running out a non-striker batsman in this fashion came to be known as Mankading.

Mankading In Bollywood

The incident of Mankading was featured in the 2001 movie Lagaan: Once Upon a Time in India. It was a cricket-based movie in which farmers team up to play with English players to save taxes. During the game, an English bowler performs Mankading on a child brought as a runner-up for an injured batsman. Though the child was declared out, even the umpires weren’t happy with the incident.

Mankading In Recent Times

There is something that tempts bowlers to do Mankading. Non-striking batsmen should respect the crease and remain safe within the line, but the bowlers should also so sportsman spirit and warn the players. But sometimes bowlers took the opportunity of running out non-striking batsmen to win games. Such an incident was caught during the 2019 IPL.

The IPL was being played between Rajasthan Royals and Kings XI Punjab. The RR team was batting the Punjab team was fielding. The ball was handed to the spinner Ravichandran Ashwin. Ashwin was on the run-up to bowl the RR batsman when he noticed Jos Buttler of RR wandering out of the crease at the non-striking end.

Ravichandran Ashwin pause his run-up, went to the wickets, and remove the bails. Before Jos Buttler could understand anything, Ashwin made a forceful appeal to declare Buttler run out. The umpire was under pressure but technically RR batsman was run out. The incident surprised everyone including the Punjab team as no one was expecting Mankading.

It isn’t that only Ravichandran Ashwin did Mankading. This kind of run-out has been popular in cricket and even legendary players can’t resist the temptation of running out batsmen. It is like catching a batsman unaware and dismissing him before he could realize anything.

Few people know that the legendary Indian captain and all-rounder Kapil Dev once did Mankading in his career. It happened during an ODI between India and South Africa at Port Elizabeth in 1992. Kapil Dev was on his path to bowl when he noticed Peter Kirsten of South Africa out of the crease at the non-striker end. Kapil Dev broke his run-up to bowl to run out Peter Kirsten.

Mankading has been in cricket much before Vinoo Mankad made this type of run-out popular. Such an incident happened in a first-class game in 1835 when the bowler Thomas Barker “mankaded” George Baigent of Sussex. But that time no one took it seriously. The batsman at the non-striker end was declared out and the game continued smoothly.

Mankading In Modern Times

Cricket as a game has improved from its basic form. Also, the rules of the game have been changed according to the modern times. But there has been no change in “Mankading”. If a non-striking player wanders out of his crease, he can be “mankaded” by the bowler. It is simply run out but unofficially it is considered unethical.

Technically a non-striking batsman shouldn’t step out of the crease until the delivery of a ball. If a non-striker is found to be out of his crease, the bowler can run him out for being out of the crease. It is called Mankading but it is acceptable under the rules.

How To Stop Mankading?

It can’t be stopped by making rules because non-strikers have to respect the crease. They can’t run before a ball is delivered. But players can stop Mankading by warning the non-strikers.

For example, if a fielder sees a non-striker wandering out of his crease, he can warn the non-striking batsman verbally or with hand gestures. Similarly, a bowler can warn a non-striker and provide the batsman an opportunity to return to the crease.

If needed, the bowler can even give a stern warning by first removing the bails and then withdrawing his appeal to run out the non-striking batsman. It will strengthen the friendship bond between players and prevent bad blood.

Should Mankading Be Stopped?

ICC and other cricket boards can consider making rules regarding Mankading but it is difficult to stop this kind of run-out. If a batsman goes out of his crease, he can be run out by anyone and a bowler running out a non-striker is no exception to this case. The only thing that can stop Mankading is the non-strikers respecting the crease and taking care of their feet movements.

What Happens During Mankading?

Noticing Mankading isn’t an easy job because both the umpires look straight at the batsman. The decision of Mankading could be disputed by the batting team. The umpires could even involve the captain of the bowling team before deciding on Mankading. But the fact is that Mankading is here to remain in cricket.

Mankading Incidents

  • Sydney, 1947–48: Bill Brown (Australia) by Vinoo Mankad (India)
  • Adelaide, 1968-69: Ian Redpath (Australia) by Charlie Griffith (West Indies)
  • Christchurch, 1977–78: Derek Randall (England) by Ewen Chatfield (New Zealand)
  • Perth, 1978–79: Sikander Bakht (Pakistan) by Alan Hurst (Australia)
  • Melbourne, 1974–75: Brian Luckhurst (England) by Greg Chappell (Australia)
  • Harare, 1992–93: Grant Flower (Zimbabwe) by Dipak Patel (New Zealand)
  • Port Elizabeth, 1992–93: Peter Kirsten (South Africa) by Kapil Dev (India)
  • Edgbaston, 2014: Jos Buttler (England) by Sachithra Senanayake (Sri Lanka)
  • Lord’s, 2022: Charlie Dean (England) by Deepti Sharma (India)